Home » Recyclability » How Is Egg Carton Recyclable – Eco Friendly Guide

How Is Egg Carton Recyclable – Eco Friendly Guide

Being in the industry for many years, I have realized that understanding the recycling process of everyday household items can significantly reduce our environmental impact.

Today, I will unravel the details of egg carton recycling, a process many people wonder about. Egg cartons, primarily made from paper pulp, are easily recyclable and compostable.

TL;DR: Egg cartons are often made from recyclable materials, mainly pulp paper and cardboard, and are an excellent example of household waste that can be put to good use. A properly executed recycling process converts them back into pulp, which can then be reused to make new products. However, recycling must be done judiciously as contamination by food residues can hinder the process. Always clean your egg cartons before recycling.

Material Composition of Egg Cartons

To understand the recyclability of egg cartons, it’s crucial to identify their material composition. Generally, there are three types of egg cartons:

  1. Pulp Paper: These are the most common type and are entirely recyclable and compostable.
  2. Polystyrene (Styrofoam): These cartons are recyclable where facilities exist but not compostable.
  3. Plastic: These are also recyclable in facilities that accept plastic of their specific type. They are not compostable.

Recyclability can largely depend on local waste management facilities, so it is worth checking with your local authority on what they accept.

The Recycling Process of Egg Cartons

A useful suggestion would be to always ensure your egg cartons are clean and dry before tossing them into the recycling bin. This helps avoid contamination of the recycling stream.

The steps involved in recycling pulp paper egg cartons are as follows:

  1. Collection: The process begins by collecting the egg cartons in recycling bins.
  2. Sorting: Upon arrival at the recycling facility, the cartons are sorted based on their material composition.
  3. Pulping: The pulp egg cartons are then soaked in water and chemicals to break them down into a mushy mixture known as pulp.
  4. Screening and Cleaning: The pulp is screened to remove any contaminants and then cleaned to remove inks and dyes.
  5. Finishing for reuse: The clean pulp is pressed and dried to create new paper products.
Type of Egg Carton Purpose of Use Material Biodegradable
Pulp Cartons Small, local farms Recycled paper products Yes
Plastic Cartons Large-scale commercial egg production Plastic No
Styrofoam Cartons Large-scale commercial egg production Styrofoam No
Cardboard Cartons Medium-scale egg production Recycled cardboard Yes

Ways to Reuse Egg Cartons

There are many ways to reuse paper, and plastic egg cartons. Here are a few ideas:

Start seedlings: Egg cartons make great seedling trays. Simply fill each compartment with soil and sow your seeds. Once the seedlings are large enough, you can transplant them into your garden or larger pots.

Make a paint palette: The cardboard is thick enough to hold the paint well and protect the table underneath from getting wet. It’s also easy to keep your paint clean and dry as it dries. You can also use this technique with other mediums like oil pastels and watercolor paint!

Use as a mold: You can make many things with empty egg cartons besides painting them green. You can make molds for soap, candles, candles, soaps, and more! This is especially useful if you run out of mold and need to recycle some.

Organize small items: Egg cartons can be used to store small items such as beads, buttons, or screws. It will help you to keep them separate and easy to find.

Use as an insulation material: Egg cartons are a great choice to use as insulation because they are durable and easy to assemble, and don’t leak. Egg cartons can be used the same way as any other type of insulation, such as foam or bubble wrap. You can also make your egg carton insulation by gluing egg cartons together with glue made for this purpose.

Use as a sound-proofing material: Soundproofing is another excellent reason to recycle egg cartons. Egg cartons are made from recyclable materials, so if you want to make them into soundproofing materials. Simply take an empty egg carton and fill it with half-inch foam or bubble wrap, and seal all the seams with clear packing tape before using it as soundproofing material.

Use as a storage container: If you have an empty egg carton that has been used for storing food, you can reuse it for storing food items. Place the empty egg carton on its side and fill it with dry goods such as rice or beans. Then place another empty egg carton over the first one to create a storage container for your dry goods. This will help ensure that nothing spills out when moving around in your pantry or kitchen cabinets.

Additional Tips

When recycling egg cartons, it is essential to follow safety and legal guidelines to ensure that the process is done correctly and responsibly. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

  • Check with your local recycling program: Before recycling egg cartons, check with your local recycling program to see if they are accepted and if there are any specific guidelines for recycling them.
  • Clean the cartons: Make sure to clean the cartons as much as possible before recycling to avoid contamination of other materials.
  • Separate different materials: If the egg carton is made of more than one type of material, such as paper and plastic, make sure to separate them before recycling.
  • Follow proper disposal guidelines: If the egg cartons are contaminated with hazardous materials, such as pesticides or chemicals, they should be disposed of properly in accordance with local and federal regulations.
  • Be aware of local laws: Be aware of local laws and regulations regarding recycling, as they may vary depending on your location.
  • Properly sort recyclable items: Make sure to properly sort them and separate them from non-recyclable materials to avoid contamination of the recycling stream.
  • Store properly: if you are collecting egg cartons for future recycling, store them in a dry and clean place to avoid contamination from humidity or other materials.

Environmental Impact of Egg Carton Recycling

Recycling is not just about waste management; it’s a matter of global sustainability. A study by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that recycling paper causes 35% less water pollution and 74% less air pollution than making paper from raw materials.

Hence, the process of recycling egg cartons can play a significant role in reducing environmental pollution. It might be worthwhile to consider this statistic: for every ton of paper recycled, we save 17 mature trees, 7,000 gallons of water, and 3.3 cubic yards of landfill space.

Alternative Uses for Egg Cartons

As an added bonus, egg cartons can be reused in various ways before being recycled. Here are a few suggestions:

  • Gardening: Egg cartons are excellent seed starters.
  • Crafts: They can be used for various craft projects for kids.
  • Storage: They are great for organizing small items such as jewelry or hardware.


In conclusion, egg cartons, especially those made from pulp paper, are effectively recyclable, contributing significantly to our environmental sustainability efforts. As a responsible citizen, I recommend always checking the type of your egg carton and if your local facility accepts it for recycling. By doing so, we can keep our waste out of landfills, reduce pollution, and promote a healthier planet.


Can all egg cartons be recycled?

Not all egg cartons are created equal. Those made from pulp paper and some types of plastic are commonly recycled, while Styrofoam cartons can only be recycled at specific facilities.

How should I prepare my egg cartons for recycling?

Always make sure that the egg cartons are clean and dry before placing them in your recycling bin to avoid contamination.

Can egg cartons be composted?

Pulp paper egg cartons are compostable and can be a great addition to your compost pile. However, plastic and Styrofoam cartons are not compostable.


  • Jen Wheeler

    Jen Wheeler, co-founder of Recycling-Revolution.com, holds degrees from UC Berkeley, Yale, and Stanford. A renowned environmentalist, she's championed sustainable practices at global events and leads EcoBright Solutions, focusing on recycling education and eco-friendly products.

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!